Detailed Predictions for: Big Black
Launch Altitude (f): 3900
LZ Altitude (f): 1645
Sounding

Station:

KNKX

Date/Time:

16 NOV 2018

Temp/Wind data from:

NOAA Digital Forecast

Site Forecasts
Time
(Local)
High
Temp

Puddle
Temp

Wind
(mph)
Thermal
Ceiling

(ft)
Soaring
Ceiling

(ft)
Above
Launch

(ft)
Thermal
Type
Thermal
Index

(F)
4 AM Fri 55 55 E 7 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
5 AM Fri 57 57 E 8 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
6 AM Fri 57 57 E 9 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
7 AM Fri 59 59 E 10 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
8 AM Fri 60 60 E 9 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
9 AM Fri 62 63 E 5 4917 3900 0 Blue 0
10 AM Fri 63 65 SW 3 6650 4070 170 Blue 2
11 AM Fri 64 66 SW 5 6898 4880 980 Blue 3
12 Noon Fri 64 67 SW 6 7146 6190 2290 Blue 4
1 PM Fri 65 67 W 7 7146 6190 2290 Blue 4
2 PM Fri 64 65 W 8 6650 4070 170 Blue 2
3 PM Fri 62 62 W 9 4088 3900 0 Blue 0
4 PM Fri 60 60 W 7 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
5 PM Fri 59 59 W 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
6 PM Fri 58 58 W 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
7 PM Fri 57 57 N 1 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
8 PM Fri 56 56 N 2 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
9 PM Fri 56 56 N 2 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
10 PM Fri 55 55 N 2 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
11 PM Fri 55 55 N 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
12 Midnight Sat 55 55 N 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
1 AM Sat 55 55 N 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
2 AM Sat 54 54 N 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
3 AM Sat 54 54 N 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
4 AM Sat 54 54 N 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
5 AM Sat 54 54 N 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
6 AM Sat 55 55 N 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
7 AM Sat 56 56 N 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
8 AM Sat 58 58 N 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
9 AM Sat 59 60 W 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
10 AM Sat 61 63 W 3 4917 3900 0 Blue 0
11 AM Sat 62 64 W 5 6305 3900 0 Blue 1
12 Noon Sat 61 63 W 7 4917 3900 0 Blue 0
1 PM Sat 62 64 W 8 6305 3900 0 Blue 1
2 PM Sat 60 61 W 9 3190 3900 0 Blue 0
3 PM Sat 59 59 W 8 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
4 PM Sat 58 58 W 7 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
5 PM Sat 56 56 W 6 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
6 PM Sat 56 56 NW 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
7 PM Sat 55 55 NW 2 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
8 PM Sat 55 55 NW 2 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
9 PM Sat 55 55 N 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
10 PM Sat 55 55 N 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
11 PM Sat 56 56 N 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
12 Midnight Sun 57 57 N 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
1 AM Sun 57 57 N 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
2 AM Sun 57 57 N 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
3 AM Sun 57 57 N 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
4 AM Sun 57 57 N 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
5 AM Sun 58 58 NE 7 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
6 AM Sun 58 58 NE 8 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
7 AM Sun 60 60 E 10 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
8 AM Sun 61 61 E 10 3190 3900 0 Blue 0
9 AM Sun 63 64 E 10 6305 3900 0 Blue 1
10 AM Sun 64 65 E 10 6650 4070 170 Blue 2
11 AM Sun 65 67 E 10 7146 6190 2290 Blue 4
12 Noon Sun 64 66 E 10 6898 4880 980 Blue 3
1 PM Sun 65 67 E 10 7146 6190 2290 Blue 4
2 PM Sun 64 65 E 12 6650 4070 170 Blue 2
3 PM Sun 63 63 E 13 4917 3900 0 Blue 0
4 PM Sun 62 62 E 13 4088 3900 0 Blue 0
5 PM Sun 62 62 E 14 4088 3900 0 Blue 0
6 PM Sun 61 61 E 14 3190 3900 0 Blue 0
7 PM Sun 60 60 E 15 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
8 PM Sun 60 60 E 15 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
9 PM Sun 60 60 E 15 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
10 PM Sun 60 60 E 15 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
11 PM Sun 60 60 E 15 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
12 Midnight Mon 59 59 E 14 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
1 AM Mon 59 59 E 14 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
2 AM Mon 58 58 E 14 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
3 AM Mon 58 58 E 13 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
4 AM Mon 58 58 E 13 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
5 AM Mon 58 58 E 13 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
6 AM Mon 58 58 E 13 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
7 AM Mon 59 59 E 15 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
8 AM Mon 59 59 E 15 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
9 AM Mon 60 61 E 15 3190 3900 0 Blue 0
10 AM Mon 61 62 E 16 4088 3900 0 Blue 0
11 AM Mon 62 64 E 16 6305 3900 0 Blue 1
12 Noon Mon 62 64 E 16 6305 3900 0 Blue 1
1 PM Mon 63 64 E 13 6305 3900 0 Blue 1
2 PM Mon 63 64 E 13 6305 3900 0 Blue 1
3 PM Mon 63 63 E 13 4917 3900 0 Blue 0
4 PM Mon 62 62 E 13 4088 3900 0 Blue 0
5 PM Mon 61 61 E 13 3190 3900 0 Blue 0
6 PM Mon 61 61 E 13 3190 3900 0 Blue 0
7 PM Mon 61 61 E 13 3190 3900 0 Blue 0
8 PM Mon 60 60 E 13 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
9 PM Mon 60 60 E 13 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
10 PM Mon 60 60 SE 12 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
11 PM Mon 59 59 SE 12 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
12 Midnight Tue 58 58 SE 12 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
1 AM Tue 57 57 SE 10 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
2 AM Tue 56 56 SE 10 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
3 AM Tue 55 55 SE 10 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
4 AM Tue 55 55 SE 6 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
5 AM Tue 57 57 SE 6 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
6 AM Tue 59 59 SE 6 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
7 AM Tue 61 61 SE 9 3190 3900 0 Blue 0
8 AM Tue 61 61 SE 9 3190 3900 0 Blue 0
9 AM Tue 60 61 SE 9 3190 3900 0 Blue 0
10 AM Tue 59 61 SW 3 3190 3900 0 Blue 0
11 AM Tue 60 62 SW 3 4088 3900 0 Blue 0
12 Noon Tue 61 63 SW 3 4917 3900 0 Blue 0
1 PM Tue 61 63 W 8 4917 3900 0 Blue 0
2 PM Tue 60 61 W 8 3190 3900 0 Blue 0
3 PM Tue 59 59 W 8 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
4 PM Tue 58 58 W 7 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
5 PM Tue 57 57 W 7 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
6 PM Tue 56 56 W 7 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
7 PM Tue 56 56 N 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
8 PM Tue 56 56 N 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
9 PM Tue 55 55 N 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
10 PM Tue 55 55 NW 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
11 PM Tue 54 54 NW 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
12 Midnight Wed 54 54 NW 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
1 AM Wed 53 53 NW 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
2 AM Wed 53 53 NW 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
3 AM Wed 53 53 NW 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
4 AM Wed 53 53 N 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
5 AM Wed 54 54 N 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
6 AM Wed 54 54 N 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
7 AM Wed 55 55 E 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
8 AM Wed 56 56 E 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
9 AM Wed 57 58 E 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
10 AM Wed 58 60 SE 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
11 AM Wed 58 60 SE 5 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
12 Noon Wed 59 61 SE 5 3190 3900 0 Blue 0
1 PM Wed 59 61 E 3 3190 3900 0 Blue 0
2 PM Wed 59 60 E 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
3 PM Wed 58 58 E 3 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
4 PM Wed 58 58 NE 2 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
5 PM Wed 57 57 NE 2 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
6 PM Wed 57 57 NE 2 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
7 PM Wed 57 57 E 8 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
8 PM Wed 57 57 E 8 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
9 PM Wed 57 57 E 8 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
10 PM Wed 58 58 E 12 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
11 PM Wed 58 58 E 12 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
12 Midnight Thu 57 57 E 12 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
1 AM Thu 57 57 SE 9 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
2 AM Thu 56 56 SE 9 2631 3900 0 Blue 0
3 AM Thu 56 56 SE 9 2631 3900 0 Blue 0

DISCLAIMER: These estimates are intended to assist in daily site selection only.  No warranty is made concerning the accuracy of these estimates.  These estimates cannot be used to determine if conditions are safe for flying.  Conditions should be evaluated at the launch site by experienced pilots before launching.

Sounding: This is the site at which the weather balloon was released.  If the flying site predicted is far from the sounding site, the estimate is not valid.  Also, the sounding is done at 12Z (4AM PST).  If a front comes through, the sounding is no longer valid. The sounding becomes less valid later in the day.

Thermal Ceiling: the lower of the height at which the thermal stops rising and the cloud level.  We can't fly into the clouds, so it doesn't matter how much higher the thermal goes.  Remember that we can't get to the top of the thermal because of our sink rate.  Our upper limit will be lower than the reported ceiling.

Soaring Ceiling: We will stop going up when the thermal is rising just fast enough to offset our sink.  It is estimated that this happens when the temperature difference between the thermal and the surrounding air is about 2 degrees F. This number is an estimate of the maximum altitude we might reach if we start at launch height, and should be more reflective of our chances of soaring than the thermal top. Please let me know how this compares with actually flying, and I will adjust it as necessary.

Above Launch: The difference between how high we might get and how high we start. This estimate does not account for ridge lift.

High Temp: This estimate is taken from the National Weather Service website.  Puddle temperatures can exceed this temperature. 

Puddle Temp: This estimate is based on the High Temp and the National Weather Service estimate of cloudiness, and the angle of the sun.  When the sun is directly overhead on a sunny day, the puddle temp is esimated to be 25 degrees warmer than the high ambient temperature. This estimate now includes a rigorous calculation of the Sun Angle, and accounts for the seasonal differences in zenith and daylight hours.

Wind: This estimate is taken from the National Weather Service website.

Thermal Type: Blue (no cloud formation) or White (Cloud formation)

Thermal Index: This is the maximum difference in temperature between the rising packet of air (the thermal) and the surrounding air.  The difference in temperature is responsible for the buoyancy of the thermal, and larger temperature differences mean faster rising thermals.  A value of about 10 F or greater often means that the conditions are soarable.  Values above 20 could indicate rowdy thermals.

Validity of estimate: Many factors (including strong wind, fronts, cloud shadows, incorrectly predicted temperatures, etc) can affect the validity of the estimates. 

Author: Tad Hurst